Fiat 126

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In Poland it is called Maluch, which literally means "small one" or toddler, as well as mały Fiat ("small Fiat"), in contrast to Fiat 125p, called duży Fiat ("big Fiat"). In some regions, it is also called Kaszlak litteraly "cougher" (derived from kaszel meaning "cough", as its engine's sound resembles a cough when it is started).

In Slovene the 126 is also called Bolha ("flea"), Piči-poki (loosely translated as "fast-and-loud") or Kalimero on Slovenian coast after a cartoon character Calimero.[citation needed]

In Hungarian, it is known as kispolszki ("little Polish", while the 125p is the nagypolszki, meaning "big Polish"), kispolák ("little Pole") or törpe-polyák ("dwarf Pole"); also, the car was nicknamed egérkamion, meaning "a mouse's truck".[citation needed]

Fiat 126
Polski Fiat 126p
Manufacturer Fiat (1972-1980)
FSM (Polski Fiat 126p, 1973-1992)
Fiat Auto Poland (1992-2000)
Also called Zastava 126
Production 1972-2000
Predecessor Fiat 500
Successor Fiat Cinquecento
Class city car
Kei car
Body style 2-door fastback
Layout RR layout
Engine 594 cc Straight-2
652 cc Straight-2
704 cc Straight-2
Wheelbase 1,840 mm (72.4 in)
Length 3,054 mm (120.2 in)
Width 1,378 mm (54.3 in)
Height 1,302 mm (51.3 in)
Curb weight 580–619 kilograms (1,300–1,360 lb)
Related Fiat 133
SEAT 133
  • 1972 – the FSM car factory was built in Bielsko-Biała.
  • 6 June 1973 – the first Polski Fiat 126p constructed from Italian parts. It cost about 69,000 Polish złotys (an average monthly salary in that time was about 3,500 zlotys while low income was 800 zloty)
  • 22 July 1973 – the official opening of the factory's production line (by the end of that year over 1500 Fiats were manufactured).
  • September 1975 – production started in a factory in Tychy.
  • 1977 – engine capacity increased from 594 cc to 652 cc. Engine power increased to about 24 horsepower (18 kW)
  • 1978 – production of types with engine capacity 594 cc stopped.
  • 1979 – production of Polski Fiat 126p continued only in Bielsko-Biała.
  • 1981 – 1,000,000th Polski Fiat 126p produced.
  • December 1984 – technical changes in the construction and body. Type FL introduced.
  • 1987 – beginning of the production of the water-cooled Polski Fiat 126p Bis version (704 cc capacity).
  • May 1993 – 3,000,000th Polish Fiat 126p produced.
  • September 1994 – body improvement, creating type "el" with parts similar to those used in Fiat Cinquecento.
  • January 1997 – introduction of a catalytic converter.
  • 22 September 2000 – production ended after a production run of 3,318,674 units. All Fiats of the last limited Happy End series were yellow or red (500 cars in red and 500 cars in yellow).

  • autor: Charles01
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  • autor: OSX
    licencja: I, the copyright holder of this work, release this work into the public domain. This applies worldwide.
  • autor: P-szat
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